Tag: How to in Sql

Practical Ways to Improve the Performance of SQL Queries

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Knowing how to improve SQL query performance is an important skill, especially when working with with large databases. In this article, you’ll learn how to write more efficient SQL queries to get results faster. The biggest difference between SQL and other languages is that SQL is a non-procedural language. In a non-procedural language you specify the results that you need but not the methods used to get it. The advantage of a non-procedural language is that it is easier to write programs, therefore it is common for non-programmer business users to generate reports from SQL queries.

How to Begin Running SQL Queries

In this article, I’ll explain how to run a SQL query to help you execute your first one. Let’s jump right in! Running SQL queries for the first time is not a complex task, but it can seem intimidating at first if you’re a complete beginner. But once you get past that initial roadblock, you’ll be able to focus on learning SQL and writing more interesting queries to meet your business needs.

SQL Indexing 101

Indexes are one of the most misused and misunderstood entities in physical database design. A good understanding of indexes and how they solve database performance problems is necessary for any database novice. In this article, we’ll look at basic database indexes and their role in database development. To picture what an index is, consider a textbook. At the end of most textbooks is an index listing all the terms one can find in the text and the pages on which they appear.

SQL Wildcard

SQL wildcard allows us to filter data matching certain patterns in SQL. We use wildcards with the LIKE operator in the WHERE clause of an SQL query to filter data. In this beginner’s article, we’ll look at everything you need to know about basic SQL wildcards. If you like playing cards, then you know that wildcards can substitute any other card in your deck. Similarly, wildcards in SQL strings can substitute one or more characters.

Why Learn SQL Over the Summer

Think summer is reserved for flying to warm places and hanging out at the beach? Sure! But it’s also a great time to learn new skills that you haven’t had time for. If you recently graduated from high school and want to get a head start on computer programming for college, learning SQL over the summer is a great opportunity. You have nothing to lose and everything to gain—SQL is actually really easy to learn, especially with so much free time over the summer.

Exploring Summer Solstice With SQL

Why is June 21 the official start of summer? Let’s see how SQL can help us answer this question. The Summer Solstice Officially, June 21 is recognized as the summer solstice, the longest day of the entire year in terms of daylight. Why? Because on this day, the sun rises early and sets quite late. People in the Northern Hemisphere celebrate the summer solstice with feasts, bonfires, picnics, and traditional dances and songs.

Key Insights for Mastering SQL Queries Using Tinder Data Example

Going from zero to one can be daunting in any endeavor. The same is true for learning new programming languages, even simple ones like SQL. In this article, we’ll take a look at some key insights that will help you understand the nuances of SQL queries. If you’ve never used SQL, you’re in the right place. When learning anything new, you’ll find that there are always some key insights or tips that can help you on your way.

Improving Slow Query Performance: When Runtime Matters

As SQL users, we usually focus on writing queries that return correct results. However, there are more things to consider when you’re writing a query; one of them is query performance. In this article, we’ll look at some examples where query response time is critical. Scene One: 911 Call Center Let’s suppose we’re at a 911 call center, when the phone rings. One of the operators answers the call; a witness reports that a man has been shot.

Data Analyst to Data Scientist: A New Skill Set for a New Future

Will robots replace humans in the near future? As machine learning and artificial intelligence continue to grow in popularity, this question becomes all the more relevant. Which jobs will become extinct, and what will society looks like in the future? If you’re a data analyst whose worried about their job security, don’t worry—there’s still hope for you! In this article, we’ll take a look at the skills a data analyst can acquire to become a data scientist and rise above these pesky robots 🙂

Converting Subqueries to Joins

Not all queries are alike, especially in terms of performance. In this article, we’ll look at how you can convert SQL subqueries to joins for improved efficiency. When should I use SQL subqueries? Great question! Unfortunately, there’s no concrete answer. SQL beginners tend to overuse subqueries. Typically, once they find that SQL construction works in one situation, they try to apply that same approach to other situations. It’s only natural.

Must-Know SQL Terms for Beginners and Pros

Working with databases can seem daunting to a non-technical person. Right away, you’re bombarded with new terms that make your head spin. Database, database instance, table, SQL and others are some of the basic terms that you need to understand just to have a normal conversation with your technical colleagues. In this article, we’ll explore some basic database terminology you need to know to succeed. Imagine you’re attending a meeting with the development staff and suddenly feel as if you’re listening to white noise.

Learn to Write a SQL Correlated Subquery in 5 Minutes

If you’re familiar with the famous Russian nesting doll, then SQL correlated subqueries should be a peace of cake to understand—subqueries are just queries nested within queries. An SQL subquery is often called an “inner” query; the main query is usually called the “outer” query. This article covers everything you need to know about correlated subqueries. What Exactly is a SQL Correlated Subquery? A correlated SQL subquery is just a subquery that is executed many times—once for each record (row) returned by the outer (main) query.

New Vertabelo Academy Exercise Set – Solve Basic SQL Questions with the SQL Practice Set

If you’re looking to retrieve any kind of information from a database, you need to speak its language. But querying databases is an art—and it demands practice. We spend a lot of time not only developing new courses but also speaking with our users and learning what they have to say about online learning. This is how we came up with the idea of creating an SQL practice set.

How to Become a Database Analyst

Curious about becoming a database analyst? Maybe you’ve taken some database courses at university and they really struck a chord. Or maybe you learned online. Now you’re thinking about making a career out of working with databases. Where would you start? What should you expect at each phase of your professional development? In this post, we’ll explore the challenging and exciting world of databases analysis. We’ll go from the very beginning of a career to the apex of professional success.

Extracting Data From a String in PostgreSQL

Learn how to extract data from strings in PostgreSQL using the split_part function. Quite often, we’d like to extract parts of a string when working with text values. A common example is when we have a full name and need to retrieve only the last name. In this article, we’ll examine split_part, a PostgreSQL string-related function that can be used to extract a substring. Why Use String Functions in Your Database?

Who Loves Whom?

Just in time for Valentine’s Day, we discover which of Gary and Sara’s friends are in love – and how to use the SQL JOIN statement to work with data in multiple tables! Did you know SQL is a matchmaker? That’s right; it loves to make data couples by linking information from two (or more!) tables using the JOIN statement. However, many SQL rookies run into problems using JOIN. So let’s go to a party and learn how to use JOIN the right way!

How to Deal with Unwanted Characters in SQL

Unwanted characters in text data can be a bit of a pain, but there’s an easy way to fix them! Sometimes, we’ll find extra characters inside our string data because our SQL queries didn’t work as expected. Moreover, these extra characters may sometimes be invisible, which really complicates things. In this article, we’ll examine some string-related SQL functions that can handle unwanted characters—visible or not! The Importance of Standardizing Strings in Your Database When we work with data populated or loaded as free text, the data quality is often quite poor.

How to Solve Capitalization Data Quality Issues

Misspelled names, typos, and text data quality issues in your database? Power up your queries! Use SQL string functions to address data quality issues related to capitalization. Sometimes, our SQL queries don’t work as expected because of data quality issues. In this article, we will examine some string-related SQL functions that can correct data quality issues related to capitalization. We’ll be using PostgreSQL in our examples, but similar functions are available in most database engines.

18 Most Important SQL Functions to Learn ASAP

Mastering the basics for a smooth start to SQL Learning a new programing language can seem intimidating. Like any other language, a programming language has a large vocabulary that you need to master. In this article, we’ll look at some of the most important SQL functions that you need to know. SQL is a rich language with many useful functions for working with different data types. Once you practice with some of the most important SQL functions, you’ll gain enough confidence to move on to more advanced material.

Busy Business Professionals: Simplify Your SQL Code with Recursive Queries

Hey SQL users! Are you repeating the same query in every report? Are your queries getting too complicated? Organize them with recursive queries! Too many SQL reports can lead to clutter on your desktop and in your head. And is it really necessary to code each of them separately? Ad-hoc queries can share much of the same SQL code with managerial reports and even regulatory reports. Suppose you’ve been writing basic SQL queries for a while.

Digging Into Data: Explore and Analyze Survey Results With SQL

Excel is a powerful beast that lets you analyze complex data. Yet, operating on big chunks of data can sometimes be a daunting task. Let’s take a look at how SQL can help. Today, we’ll tackle a common problem with importing data to an SQL database, using a real-life example. Suppose your company conducted a survey on the most popular programming trends and preferences, striving to meet the expectations of its users.

SQL Hacks To Control Family Budget On Black Friday Weekend

If you’re in the US, chances are you’ve been eagerly awaiting the approach of Black Friday just as much as Thanksgiving. Though the shopping frenzy takes hold of nearly everyone, some people have to stick to their budgets and shop prudently. In this article, we’ll take a look at how generating an SQL report can help you track how much your family spent shopping on Black Friday. Storing Black Friday Purchases in a Database Before we can create an SQL report, we first need some data we can use.

Happy Thanksgiving! Using SQL to Prepare a Traditional Menu

Thanksgiving is a holiday many Americans celebrate with their families and friends, seated around a table loaded with a hearty feast. The most prominent of all dishes is, of course, the turkey. However, at least a few other specialties are also cooked for Thanksgiving. Do you find it hard to choose what to prepare? If so, we’ve got a solution for you: a special SQL query that will help you pick the best dishes.

Spooky Scary NULL: Unexpected Danger Lurking in Your Database

Relational databases often store the value NULL in their tables. If you’re not familiar with NULL and what it is, you could run into unexpected problems. In this article, we’ll take a look at how the IN and EXISTS operators work with NULL. What Is NULL? In SQL, NULL is a special value indicating that a particular piece of data doesn’t exist in the database. For SQL beginners, it’s often a source of problems.

SQL Window Functions By Explanation

In our previous post, we explained how SQL window functions work by example. We started with some very simple, basic functions. Let’s extend it by explaining subclauses in window functions. SQL window functions are a great way to compute results from a set of rows rather than a single row. As you know from our first article, the “window” in window function refers to the set of rows.

High Performance Statistical Queries: Linear Dependencies Between Continuous Variables

In my previous articles, I dealt with analyses of only a single variable. Now it is time to check whether two variables of interest are independent or somehow related. For example, a person’s height positively correlates with shoe size. Taller people have larger shoe sizes, and shorter people have smaller shoe sizes. You can find this and many more examples of positive associations at: http://examples.yourdictionary.com/positive-correlation-examples.html. A negative association is also possible.

So You Want to Be a Data Scientist?

A career in data science is hot right now. What is a data scientist, and how can you become one? Very few of us said “I want to grow up to be a data scientist” when we were kids. But now, in the age of Big Data and economic uncertainty, a career in data science is looking mighty attractive. If you like the idea of working with information and earning a good paycheck, read on.

The 5 Highest Paying SQL and Database Jobs

IT provides a wide and growing job market, offering many excellent opportunities in both career development and earning potential. Today we’ll take a look at several very interesting SQL/Database-related jobs. Every year, many in the work force set their sights and aim for new and better jobs. When it comes to jobs, “better” means different things to different people, but earning potential is almost always a top priority. Enter the growing field of IT, in which new challenges wait around every corner!

Four Reasons Aspiring Data Scientists Must Learn SQL

Isn’t data science way too advanced for simple SQL? Nope! SQL can help you build a foundation for your data science career. Let’s see how. Data science is hot right now. What if you could predict the next market crash? Or contain the spread of Ebola? Or accurately predict a health crisis months or even years before it happens? Data scientists are working hard on these kinds of projects, and they are earning healthy salaries in the process.

Kill Online Distractions: 5 Tools to Help You Stay Focused

Phones, emails, social media accounts, and about a hundred other things are constantly competing for our attention. Can tech tools help us stay focused? A lot of apps say that they help humans work better and faster. But the truth is that the more interactive tools we use, the more focus-shattering notifications we get. In many ways, technology has gotten us into this problem. Can it help us get out of it?

Kill Online Distractions: 5 Tools to Help You Stay Focused

Phones, emails, social media accounts, and about a hundred other things are constantly competing for our attention. Can tech tools help us stay focused? A lot of apps say that they help humans work better and faster. But the truth is that the more interactive tools we use, the more focus-shattering notifications we get. In many ways, technology has gotten us into this problem. Can it help us get out of it?

SQL Mythbuster – 5 Reasons Why No One Should Be Afraid of SQL

Anyone can learn SQL. It’s not as hard as you think! In today’s world, even those in non-technical jobs need some technical skills. And you don’t have to be a hard-core nerd to get these skills. Let me tell you my own story. A few years ago, I wasn’t considering learning SQL or anything else that I labelled “technical”. My background is in sociology, journalism, and scriptwriting, and I thought computer languages were pretty sci-fi.

Why I Choose Learning Apps … And You Should Too

Learning from books is so 1999. Can app-based learning do any better? Do you like wasting your time? I don’t. Any time I start something, I find out how to do it efficiently. For me, this means learning new skills using apps and online learning rather than books. Online and app-based learning focuses on you, the student. This is the exact opposite of traditional learning, which is teacher-driven. There is a physical classroom and students, but the teacher plays the primary role.

Introducing SQL Set Operators: Union, Union All, Minus, and Intersect

-- -- -- -- When you need to combine information from multiple tables or queries, SQL set operators are a useful tool. SQL queries let us choose the most important bits from large amounts of information. Of course, we can’t expect that all necessary data will be stored in one table. Let’s say we want to present every aspect of some key data group in one results table (e.

Strategies for Online Learning Success

Internet-based learning is very popular. Knowing your learning style and motivations will help you study smarter, not harder. We tend to spend a lot of time online these days. Between watching funny YouTube videos, catching up on news and celebrity gossip, and binge-watching our favorite Netflix series, we even find the time to learn new skills. But are we in a constant learning process? How can we pluck out – from the vast resources of the Internet – the exact courses and methods that will work for us (or you) personally?

Common SQL Job Interview Questions

Congratulations! Your SQL skills were strong enough to get you that job interview! Now, if you only knew what SQL questions and practical exercises a recruiter might ask you to do… In this article, we help you prepare for the SQL and database aspects of a job interview. In a previous article, I explained how can you boost your career by learning SQL. It opens up opportunities in and out of IT, as this query language is used practically everywhere.

The Complete Beginner’s Guide to SQL Fundamentals

Vertabelo Academy is a great place to learn SQL. If you’re a complete beginner, it’s best to have an overview of what SQL is, what a database is, and how they work together. In this article, you’ll find a quick explanation of all you need to get started with SQL. The Database You might have already heard that SQL is used with databases. What exactly is a database? In the most general sense, it is an organized collection of various kinds of data.

6 Ways You Can Learn SQL

Learning a new skill can be a daunting task, especially in programming. SQL is not immune to this. Luckily, with the Internet and the explosion of programming-related information out there, we have a lot of options! But we then come to a new roadblock. Where to begin? How will we know which option is best for our budget, skill level, and schedule? This article tackles these questions and gives you a roadmap – or should we say a couple of them – of your journey towards SQL proficiency.