A look at common errors that arise when writing code as an SQL beginner. Debugging, Headaches, and SQL If you’re new to SQL, you’ve probably already run into a myriad of errors. Don’t worry — you’re not alone. All developers make mistakes; it’s a normal part of the development process. The key to mastering any programming language, SQL being no exception, is understanding where the most common mistakes lie.
Relational databases often store the value NULL in their tables. If you’re not familiar with NULL and what it is, you could run into unexpected problems. In this article, we’ll take a look at how the IN and EXISTS operators work with NULL. What Is NULL? In SQL, NULL is a special value indicating that a particular piece of data doesn’t exist in the database. For SQL beginners, it’s often a source of problems.
We’ve already covered how to use the GROUP BY clause and some aggregation functions like SUM(), AVG(), MAX(), MIN(), COUNT(). In this article, we will explain how the GROUP BY clause works when NULL values are involved. We will also explain about using NULLs with the ORDER BY clause. In SQL, NULL is a special marker used to indicate that a data value does not exist in the database. For more details, check out Wikipedia’s explanation of NULL in SQL.