All right, we'll start off with inserting data into our database. To add data to a table, you use the
INSERT command. Let's add a 9-year-old Alice as a user with an ID of 5:
INSERT INTO user
VALUES (5, 'Alice', 9);
See what happened? After
INSERT INTO, we put the name of the table (
user) that we're adding information to. Next, we add the keyword
VALUES followed by the actual values
(5, 'Alice', 9) for each column of the table. As you can see, the values must be surrounded by parentheses and are separated with commas.
The first number is the value for the
id column. The
id column is a numeric column, so we just type the number.
'Alice' is the value for the second column,
name. It is a text column, meaning it contains short text information. In SQL, you surround text information with single quotes (
The number 9 is the value for the third column,
age. It is a numeric column, just like
id, so we just type the number.
Remember, in this case, you need to put the values in the exact same order in which the columns appear in the database.