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Total revenue for multiple periods
Calculating deltas
Creating "revenue in quarters" reports
15. Creating a "revenue in quarters" report


Very well done! We can now create a new report type. It should look like this:

Year Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
2016 0.00 0.00 79728.58 128355.40
2017 138288.95 143177.03 153937.78 181681.45
2018 298491.57 142132.33 0.00 0.00

In other words, we want to see quarterly revenue values in the form of a table, with rows representing years and columns representing quarters. Such reports can help us see seasonal trends in revenue values. For instance, Q4 revenues are typically higher because of holiday shopping. It would be much harder to spot such trends when quarters are shown below each other.

How do we write such a query? Take a look:

  DATEPART(Year, OrderDate) AS Year, 
  SUM(CASE WHEN DATEPART(Quarter, OrderDate) = 1
  THEN Amount ELSE 0 END) AS Q1,
  SUM(CASE WHEN DATEPART(Quarter, OrderDate) = 2
  THEN Amount ELSE 0 END) AS Q2,
  SUM(CASE WHEN DATEPART(Quarter, OrderDate) = 3
  THEN Amount ELSE 0 END) AS Q3,
  SUM(CASE WHEN DATEPART(Quarter, OrderDate) = 4
  THEN Amount ELSE 0 END) AS Q4
FROM Orders

In the query above, we grouped all rows by the DATEPART(Year, OrderDate) value. This is something we've done before. However, we also used SUM(CASE WHEN...) expressions in the SELECT clause. In this case, the SUM(CASE WHEN...) expression first checks the quarter of the given order (DATEPART(Quarter, OrderDate) = X). If the quarter value matches the value for the given column, the order's Amount is added. Otherwise, we add 0. This way, Q1 will only sum orders from the first quarter, Q2 will only sum orders from the second quarter, etc.


Show a revenue in quarters report similar to the one in the explanation. Instead of the revenue per quarter, show the average order amount per quarter.

Order the rows by year.

Stuck? Here's a hint!

You will need two modifications:

  1. Change the SUM() function to the AVG() function.
  2. Remove the ELSE 0 part from all CASE WHEN instances. Using zeroes for orders from other quarters would change the average value.