How to query more than one table
Creating JOINs
Referencing columns
8. Refer to columns without table names
Let's practice


Great. In the previous example, we provided column names together with the tables they are a part of. It's good practice, but you only need to do it when there is a chance to confuse them. If there are two different columns under the same name in two different tables, then you have to specify the tables. If the name of the column is unique, though, you may omit the table name.

FROM person 
JOIN car 
  ON = owner_id;

There is only one column named name and one only column named model in the tables person, car, so we could provide their names without giving information about the tables they come from. Similarly, there is only one column named owner_id - it is only in the table car, so we can omit the name of the table.

When we refer to column id from table person, though, we must write the table name as well (, because there is another column under the name id in table car.


Select director name and movie title from tables movie and director in such a way that a movie is shown together with its director. Use as few characters as possible.

Stuck? Here's a hint!


FROM movie 
JOIN director 
  ON director_id =;