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Get to know tables
5. OVER() – first example
Computations with OVER()
Aggregate functions with OVER()


Let's focus on OVER (...), which defines the window. The most basic example is OVER() and means that the window consists of all rows in the query. Take a look:

  AVG(salary) OVER()
FROM employee;

That's not a very complicated query, but take a look at the last column:

AVG(salary) OVER()

AVG(salary) means we're looking for the average salary. Where exactly? Everywhere we can, because OVER() means 'for all rows in the query result'. In others words, we're looking for the average salary in the entire company.

Note that we did NOT group rows. OVER() makes it possible to show the details of single rows and the result of an aggregating function together. That wouldn't be so easy with GROUP BY — we would have to write a subquery, which is more complicated and less effective. OVER() makes our work simple and efficient at the same time.


Now it's your turn to write a window function. For each employee, find their first name, last name, salary and the sum of all salaries in the company.

Note that the last column is an aggregated column, even though you're not using a GROUP BY.