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Recap
Iterating over a list
Modifying lists
6. Updating list elements – part 2
Working with multiple lists
Congratulations

Instruction

So, how can we actually modify list elements? We need to use yet another type of for loop. Look closely at the example below:

sleep_durations = [368, 690, 426, 494, 445, 690, 423, 534, 606, 390]
for i in range(len(sleep_durations)):
  sleep_durations[i] -= 20
print(sleep_durations)

Result:

[348, 670, 406, 474, 425, 670, 403, 514, 586, 370]

This time, we don't iterate over the list. Instead, we iterate over the indexes of the list using a temporary variable named i, whose values are generated by the range(...) function. The range(len(sleep_durations)) expression returns all integer values from 0 (inclusive) to len(sleep_durations) (exclusive). That is, it returns all valid indexes of the sleep_durations list.

Inside the loop, we use square brackets to access the i-th element of the list, and we change that element's value. Mark's sleep duration values have now been updated correctly.

Exercise

Martha forgot to include phone bills in her monthly spending totals. Add 20.50 to each element in the monthly_spendings list and print the list to the output.

Stuck? Here's a hint!

Create a for loop in the following way:

for i in range(len(monthly_spendings)):