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Introduction
Concatenation
Simple text functions
How to modify strings
Review
18. Summary

## Instruction

Good, that's it! Let's review the text functions we've learned in this part:

• || is the concatenation operator; it merges multiple texts into one (in SQL Server use +, in MySQL use concat()).
• length(x) returns the length of text x (in SQL Server use len()).
• lower(x), upper(x), initcap(x) will all write x in the appropriate case.
• substring(x, y, z) will return the part of x starting from position y and with z characters in length (in Oracle use substr()).
• replace(x,y,z) will search x for y, and if it finds any y, it will replace it with z.

Fine, let's do some practice now.

## Exercise

Click to begin practice.